česká hudba | czech music


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Josef Bohuslav FOERSTER

(*30.12.1859, Prague - ✝29.5.1951, Nový Vestec)

Czech composer, pedagogue, author

He is an important member of the generation of Czech music composing between the wars. He studied at the Prague Organ School, 1882-8 he worked as an organist by the Church of St. Vojtěch, 1889-94 as a choirmaster by the Church of Panna Maria Sněžná, he was also a teacher of singing and a writer for the paper Národní listy.

After his moving to Hamburg with his wife soprano Berta Lauterer, he worked as a music critic writer and piano teacher at the conservatory. In 1903 they moved to Vienna.

Foerster taught at Vienna Conservatory and wrote for many music journals.

As a composer, he was very popular for his choirs: Oráč (Ploughman), Velké širé rodné lány (Large Homelands), Polní cestou (On the Field Path), Z osudu rukou (From the Hands of Fate).

From the year 1897 he became a member of Czech Academy of Sciences, in 1931-39 in the function of its president.

He wrote also six operas (Eva, Debora, Jessika, Bloud/Heart, Naïve Person, Nepřemožení). The opera Eva (1897) opened the way to the Czech Realism.

He wrote also many volumes of memories: Poutník (Pilgrim, 1929), Poutníkovy cesty (Pilgrim's Ways, 1932), Poutník v Hamburku (Pilgrim in Hamburg, 1938), Poutník v cizině (Pilgrim abroad, 1947).

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