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Růžena MATUROVÁ

(*2. 9. 1869 Prague — †25. 2. 1938 Prague)

Czech soprano

She studied in the Pivoda School of Vocalists, later with Eduard Stolz and with the married couple of Thomas Löwe and Marie Dreger-Destinn (1889–90). From 1889 to 1990, she was engaged in Teplice (she debuted as Pamina in Mozart´s The Magic Flute), from 1890 to 1893, she performed in Mannheim where she studied 14 great roles. In the summer of 1893, she performed briefly with the Society of Adolf Baumann on the stage in Berlin (as Mařenka in Smetana´s The Bartered Bride with Karel Burian). From 1893 to 1909, she was engaged in the National Theatre in Prague as the first soprano. She had a perfect technical education, full voice and dramatic talent. She was one of the most famous Czech singers of all times. She performed many premieres of Czech operas including Miranda in Fibich´s The Tempest (1895), Hedy in Fibich´s Hedy (1896), Šárka in Fibich´s Šárka (1897), Eva in Foerster´s Eva (1899), Dvořák´s Rusalka (1901), Armida (1904), Vlasta in Ostrčil´s The Death of Vlasta (1904). She emerged fully in the international repertoire such as Donna Anna in Mozart´s Don Giovanni, Leonora in Beethoven´s Fidelio, Desdemona, in Verdi´s Otello, Santuzza in Mascagni´s Cavalleria rusticana, Carmen in Bizet´s Carmen, Elsa and Ortrude in Wagner´s Lohengrin; she was the first Puccini´s Tosca (1903). She performed in the Czech theatres in the cities of Pilsen, Olomouc, and Brno as well as in foreign theatres (1899 in Warszaw, 1903 tour in USA). She devoted herself to the pedagogical activities, following her departure from the National Theatre, she founded the school for vocalists (Marie Krásová was one of her pupils).

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